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Miss Chen
06月12日
Miss Chen
透气渗水,蛭石能起到透气渗水的作用,提升盆土整体的排水性;扦插育苗,可在湿巾上铺设一层蛭石直接进行育苗,也可将枝条插入蛭石中进行育苗;减少虫害,对土壤消毒后,可在表面铺设一层蛭石,避免虫害进入土壤内部来产卵;使用方法,可将蛭石、珍珠岩以及泥炭土混合制作成栽培基质。
1、透气渗水 蛭石本身具有较强的透气性,能使土壤变得疏松透气,提升土壤的排水性,让根部在土壤中能正常呼吸,使植株能旺盛的生长,透水效果也十分出众,使盆底的水分能尽快的排出,不会产生积水,减少植株根系出现腐烂的可能性。 2、育苗扦插 蛭石还可进行育苗扦插,可将湿润后的纸巾放置到蛭石上方,然后放上种子进行育苗,也可将处理好的枝条插入蛭石中,以加快植株生根的速度,提高扦插后的存活率。
3、减少虫害 蛭石还能起到抵挡虫害侵袭的作用,在养护的时候,对土壤进行杀菌消毒后,可在土壤表面铺设一层蛭石,能够防止虫子钻入土壤内部产卵,具有防虫和防病害侵袭的作用。 4、使用方法 注意在养花的过程中不能使用单一的蛭石,蛭石中含有的养分较少,无法为植株的生长提供养分,会使得植株出现生长不良的状况。一般在配土时,可将蛭石、珍珠岩、泥炭土混合制作成栽培的基质,具体的配比可根据植物的生长状态进行调整。
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Miss Chen
06月11日
Miss Chen
雪柳需要阳光,若缺乏光照,会使得雪柳枝条出现生长不良的状况,在春秋冬三季,每日可给予5小时以上的光照,夏季需做好遮荫措施。进行土培养护时,在春秋季节,每周需浇水2次,夏季每周需浇水3~4次。每次施肥前,需在根系周围挖出深坑,将肥料埋入坑中。
雪柳需要阳光 雪柳需要阳光,雪柳适宜生长半阴的环境中,若缺乏光照会使得枝叶出现生长不良的状况,可将其放置到半阴通风的散光环境中养护,在春秋冬三季光线较为柔和,可给予5~8小时的光照,夏季正午光照过强时,还需做好遮荫措施。
雪柳日常养护方法 雪柳在生长期间对水分的需求较大,进行土培养护时需根据季节的变化来调整浇水量,在春秋季节,每周需浇灌2次水分,使盆土处于微微湿润的状态。夏季水分蒸发较快,每周需浇水3~4次,秋季每周需浇水3~4次,冬季则需适当减少浇水量,每月浇水1~2次即可。 雪柳在生长期间对养分的消耗较大,施肥时主要以施加腐熟的有机肥为主,施肥前需在雪柳根部周围挖出一个深度在40厘米左右的深坑,再将发酵后的肥料均匀的堆积到土壤中。在入冬前还需施加一次基肥,入冬后就需停止施肥。 为了保证雪柳株型的美观,在每年春季需修剪掉生长出的弱枝、病枝以及枯枝,不仅能减少不必要的养分消耗,还能使植株更具观赏性。待花期结束后,还需修剪掉残花一会败叶,促进新枝的生长,从而延长下次开放时间。
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Miss Chen
06月10日
Miss Chen
The golden marguerite is a plant by many names. Sometimes referred to by its botanical name, Anthemis tinctorial, its common name is cota tinctoria. But this daisy-like perennial is also known as the golden marguerite—with marguerite being the French term for daisy. In addition, you might hear it referred to as yellow chamomile, since it’s a member of the same family (Anthemis) but unlike chamomile with its white petals, this species produces blossoms with deep yellow petals and similarly yellow disc flowers (what is referred to as the center of the bloom). The foliage is finely textured and has a faint aroma, similar to that of the more common varieties of chamomile. Golden marguerite flowers make a pretty addition to bouquets or look fabulous displayed in vase arrangements. The long stems (up to 2 feet tall) make them easy to cut and enjoy. These flowering plants are native to the warmer southern region of Europe, but are frequently found in North America where they enjoy temperate climates but struggle in the hot, humid weather of the southern regions of the United States. Botanical Name Anthemis tinctoria Common Name Cota tinctoria, golden marguerite, yellow chamomile Plant Type Perennial Mature Size 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 1.5 feet wide Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Average to dry Soil pH Neutral to alkaline Bloom Time Summer Flower Color Yellow Hardiness Zones 3 to 7 Native Area Europe Toxicity Potentially toxic to cats, dogs, and horses based on toxicity of other anthemis varieties
How to Grow Golden Marguerite To successfully grow golden marguerite, be sure to understand the plant’s preferences on light, water, and nutrients. Some factors, like soil conditions and pH, the plant is more ambivalent on. But to produce a bounty of bright, beautiful blooms, these plants demand plenty of sunshine, need to be kept moist but not overwatered, and will suffer if force fed too many nutrients through supplemental fertilizer. Pests are not a frequent concern, but you might find that aphids, slugs, or snails show up to snack on the foliage of golden marguerite plants. Light Golden marguerite is a sun-loving perennial, so it does best in a garden location that receives full sun. Ideally, locate this plant in a sunny spot that receives at least 6 or more hours of direct sunlight each day. The plant may also tolerate part shade conditions, but it is not suited to spots with full shade. Soil When it comes to soil conditions, this plant will often grow where other varieities may struggle. It tolerates soil with average or even poor nutrients, and can grow in dry or sandy soil conditions. It does best with neutral to alkaline pH levels, and can handle environmental salts and urban pollution. Golden marguerite needs loose, well-draining soil. It does fine with loam, sandy, or even chalky soil conditions. However, it will not grow well in heavy, clay type soils. Water One of the benefits of this plant is that it has proven to be drought-tolerant. This makes it a good choice if your garden experiences stretches of dry weather or you are a forgetful waterer. However, golden marguerite will thrive and produce the most abundant flora and foliage with regular watering. Maintain correct soil moisture by letting the ground around the plant dry out in between watering sessions. Temperature and Humidity One of the strongest attributes of cota tinctorial is its tolerance for drought—but don’t start thinking that this plant prefers hot and humid climates. Such conditions often lead to a short-lived perennial plant, since the golden marguerite has a preference for more temperate climates. Hardy in USDA zones 3 to 7, this plant will even display an evergreen nature in climates with a mild winter. Fertilizer These plants tolerate average, or even poor soil conditions, so fertilizer is generally not required. In fact, soil that is too rich in nutrients can produce leggy plants that struggle to stand erect. For this reason, it’s generally advisable to skip fertilizing golden marguerite plants. Propagating Golden Marguerite If enjoy the fragrant nature and bright blooms of this plant, you can spread it to new areas of your landscaping or share it with friends through propagation. Propagation by division and seed are the two most simple methods of turning one golden marguerite plant into many. In fact, the growth rate and habits of these plants will often demand division every two years or so—making it a natural time to propagate. The ideal time to propagate by division is in the spring, before the growing season begins in earnest. To propagate golden marguerite by seed, start by collecting seeds from spent blossoms. Start the seeds indoors using grower trays and a soil medium designed for seed germination. The seeds will take between 2 weeks and a month to germinate, at which point you can transplant them to a location in your garden if the last frost has occurred. Otherwise, continue to cultivate indoors until the danger of frost is past. For propagation by division, dig up the plant with its root system. Set the plant on the ground and use your shovel or other sharp-edged gardening tool to cut the parent plant into several equal portions that include a portion of the roots and foliage. The new individual plants can be transplanted to new locations where they should be generously watered.
Varieties of Golden Marguerite Cota tinctoria ‘Kelwayi’: This cultivar of golden marguerite looks very similar in appearance, but does offer slightly larger blooms—typically measuring 2 inches in diameter compared to the approximately 1-inch flower head of the conventional golden marguerite. The increased blossom size might make it a good option if you’re primarily thinking of using this plant in a cutting garden for fresh flowers to display in your home or bouquets. Pruning The best practice for abundantly blooming golden marguerite plants is to deadhead the blossoms. Doing so can encourage the plant to produce fresh new blooms and may well keep it vibrant into early fall. In late fall or early winter, you can cut back the dead growth to ensure a fresh, healthy start to the plant’s spring growth.
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Miss Chen
06月10日
Miss Chen
雪碧稀释后呈微酸性,能浇灌绿萝、吊兰、栀子、文竹等喜酸性花卉。由于雪碧内的糖分较大,使用前需先和水按1:10的比例制作成雪碧溶液,再进行浇灌。还可在雪碧溶液中加入几滴酸奶或酵母,发酵后再浇灌至土壤中。由于雪碧的含糖量较大,容易招惹蚊虫,发现后需及时清理。
雪碧适合浇灌的花卉 雪碧溶液呈弱酸性,适合浇灌喜欢酸性土壤的花卉,如常见的绿萝、吊兰、栀子、朱顶红、倒挂金钟、茉莉、山茶花、米兰花、文竹、樱花等花卉。浇灌后能加快植株的生长速度,使其开出更为鲜艳的花朵。
雪碧浇花的正确方法 由于雪碧中含有大量的糖分,不宜直接用于浇灌花卉,直接浇灌会使得植株叶片出现枯萎死亡的状况。用雪碧浇花前需先进行稀释,可将雪碧和水按1:10的比例混合制作成雪碧溶液,再往土壤中浇灌稀释后的雪碧溶液。 用雪碧浇花时,还可对雪碧发酵后再浇灌,可在雪碧中倒入几滴酸奶或酵母,再将其放置到25~28℃的环境中,每隔1~2天开瓶透气,静置10~15天左右,待雪碧完全发酵后,便可沿着花盆边缘缓慢的倒入雪碧溶液。 注意由于雪碧的含糖量较高,会引来大量的蚊虫,在为植株浇灌雪碧后,需定期观察植株的生长状态,发现植株叶片上出现小虫后,需及时的用湿纸巾擦拭掉上方的小虫,并每隔1~2周喷洒一次稀释后的除菌剂,以维持植株的正常生长。
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Miss Chen
06月10日
Miss Chen
蕨类植物没有根,只有假根。假根主要起到固定植株的作用,因而生活中所见的蕨类植物生长的都十分低矮。蕨类植物是孢子植物,分为陆生和水生形态。日常需将植株放置到室内半阴的环境中养护,光照过强时,需做好遮荫措施。此外,还需每隔3~5天喷洒一次水雾。
蕨类植物没有根 蕨类植物没有根,但有茎和叶。蕨类植物没有根系,只有假根,假根的作用也十分有限,只能起到固定植物的作用,因而在生活中看到的蕨类植物生长的十分低矮。并且蕨类植物的茎和叶不带有输导组织,因而汲取养分的能力也差了许多。 蕨类植物是孢子植物,有陆生、水生以及附生心态,为直立生长或缠绕生长的多年生草本植物,最大的蕨类植物能生长成为高大乔木。主要分布在温暖、湿润的森林中,也是森林植被的组成部分之一。
蕨类植物适宜生长在阴凉通风的环境中,不耐强光直射,日常需将其放置到室内半阴的环境中养护,在光照过强时,需将其转移到通风阴暗的环境中养护,以免植株叶片被强光灼伤后导致叶片出现萎蔫发黄的状况。 蕨类植物在生长期间对水分的需求较大,日常养护期间需每隔3~5天喷洒一次水雾,在天气干燥时还需用湿布来擦拭叶片,保证自身的湿度,也可往空气中喷洒水分,为植株营造出湿润的生长环境。生长旺盛期时,还需每隔2~3周追施一次肥料,补充生长所需的养分。
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Miss Chen
06月09日
Miss Chen
促进光合作用,钾肥在生物化学和生理方面作用很大,且能促进植物进行光合作用;促进蛋白质合成,它能稳定蛋白质的构象还可提高植物吸收利用氨的速度;增强抗高温能力,可以渗透调节,在高温环境下也能很好的进行代谢;增强抗旱能力,施加充足的钾肥可以使植株吸收更深层的水分。
1、促进光合作用 钾是植物体内所必需的一种阳离子,可以高速通过生物膜且和酶促反应关系密切。它不仅在生物化学和生物生理方面有着较为重要的作用,还能促进植株体内的同化产物运输以及能量转化。 2、促进蛋白质合成 钾肥可以帮助蛋白质形成,还可稳定蛋白质的构象。它能很大提高植物吸收利用氮并转化为蛋白质的速度。植物缺少钾不仅会影响蛋白质的合成,还会使原有的蛋白质产生水解,影响对氨的利用。
3、增强抗高温能力 钾具有调节渗透的功能,施加钾肥较多的植物,在高温环境下也能保证比较高的膨压和水势,植物就能正常进行新陈代谢。施加钾肥可以促进植物进行光合作用,使蛋白质和淀粉更快的合成。 4、增强抗旱能力 研究表明,施加钾肥充足的玉米根部会向下深扎60厘米,钾肥充足的植物可以吸收到土壤中更深层的水分。施加钾肥还可根据植物的生理需要自如调节气孔的开闭,让作物减少水分的蒸腾,提高作物的抗旱能力。
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Miss Chen
06月09日
Miss Chen
种子植方法:选择种球,需选择个头饱满且带有芽点的枝条,剥去外层表皮;处理种球,需将种球放入多菌灵溶液中浸泡消毒晾干后再进行播种;播种方法,播种前需现在花盆底部铺设一层碎瓦片以及陶粒,放入一层营养土,再将种球埋入。种植时间,可在霉烂春季3~4月栽种。
雪片莲的种植方法 1、选择种球 种植雪片莲时,需选择个头饱满、发育健壮且带有芽点的种球,筛出干瘪、腐烂的种球,以免影响整体的长势,若种球只是有轻微发软或轻微的磕碰,对种植的影响不是太大。挑选完成后需撕掉外层褐色的薄膜。 2、处理种球 为了提高雪片播种后的出芽率,播种前需先对种球进行杀菌消毒,将多菌灵溶液和清水按1:1000的比例稀释成溶液,再将种球放入水中浸泡,半小时后取出,放置到通风阴凉的环境中晾干后,便可直接进行播种。 3、播种方法 播种前需先在花盆底部铺设一层碎瓦片、陶粒,增加盆土的排水性和透气性,再放入5~7厘米干净的营养土,和鸡粪混合均匀后继续添加营养土,之后可直接将雪片莲种球埋入土壤中,一般每盆可栽种2~3株。
雪片莲种球的种植时间 为了提高雪片莲种球种植后的存活率,需选择在每年春季或夏季进行,具体时间在春季3~4月或秋季的9~11月,种植期间需将室温稳定在15~25℃之间。建议在每年春季进行,能使种球更好的发芽生长。
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Miss Chen
06月08日
Miss Chen
栽种适宜生长在松软透气土壤的花卉植物时,可掺入适量珍珠岩来提升盆土的透气性。珍珠岩本身属于酸性物质,需选择喜欢酸性土壤环境的花卉,以免植株出现生长不良的状况。由于珍珠岩的重量较轻,需将其铺设到花盆底层,若铺设在表面,则需在大风来临前及时入室。
需要珍珠岩的花卉 栽种适宜生长在土质松软、透气性较强的花卉植物时,在配土的过程中需搭配珍珠岩。因为珍珠岩具有较强的吸水性,能够让多余的水分尽快被吸收,避免产生水涝导致植株根系受损。如常见的栀子、绿萝、杜鹃以及各种多种植物在配土时,均可搭配珍珠岩。 珍珠岩本身属于酸性物质,用珍珠岩养花时,需选择适宜生长在酸性土壤中的花卉,才能促进植株的生长。若用于栽种喜欢弱碱性的花卉植物,会使得土壤碱性化加重,整体的透气性变差,使得植株出现黄叶和烂叶的状况。
此外,珍珠岩的重量较轻,用来养花时,需将其铺设到花盆的地层,再覆盖一层薄膜,若覆盖在土壤表面,则需注意大风的侵袭,在风速较高时,需及时将盆栽转移到室内养护,以免大风将珍珠岩吹散。 注意在使用珍珠岩时,还需严格控制用量,不可掺杂过多珍珠岩到土壤中,若营养土中的珍珠岩含量超标,就会导致土壤的酸性过重,养分会相应减少,会对植株根系造成损伤,影响花卉植物的正常生长。
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