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Miss Chen
05月30日
Miss Chen
The corkscrew vine, corkscrew flower, or snail flower (vigna caracalla) is a rapid-growing, twining, perennial vine with fragrant flowers. This member of the pea family is native to the tropical areas of Central and South America, and it thrives in regions that replicate these types of conditions. The corkscrew vine has also naturalized--and sometimes aggressively self-seeds and spreads--in parts of California. It's an evergreen, deciduous plant when grown in frost-free regions, and known for its ornamental attractiveness. Its showy flowers twist spirally on the vine, so it looks like a corkscrew. The flower gets its "snail" moniker thanks to the fact that the way its flowers curl closely around resembles a mollusc shell. From July to October, and up until the first frost, the corkscrew vine blooms highly fragrant white and lilac/purple flowers, and they are sometimes marked with yellow and cream colors. Its spiraling flowers are about two inches long and grow in erect clusters, known as racemes, that can reach up to a foot long. Its vines sprout green leaves, which each have three leaflets about three to five inches long. The flowers are accompanied by dangling, narrow bean-like pods that are six to seven inches long and one-inch wide, and contain round brown seeds. Botanical Name Vigna caracalla Common Name Corkscrew vine Plant Type Vine Mature Size 12-30 feet Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Moist, well-drained Soil pH 6-8 Bloom Time Late summer/Fall Flower Color White, purple Hardiness Zones 9-12 Native Area Central and South America Corkscrew Vine Plant Care The fast-growing corkscrew vine is relatively easy to grow from seed, however, its vine-like structure means it will need a support structure on which to grow. They may be grown as either a perennial or an annual, and as a cover for a fence, arbor, wall, or trellis. Just be aware that once it's established, the corkscrew vine is a very fast grower and may very well take over your entire garden, and even the rest of your backyard, so be sure to closely monitor its growth and spread. These plants are not associated with any significant insect or disease problems and are known to attract both birds and butterflies. The corkscrew vine's flowers are primarily pollinated by ants. Light Corkscrew vine plants will grow best when planted in full sunlight. They can also tolerate partial shade. Soil When growing corkscrew vine plants, the soil should be fertile, moist, and well-drained. Water You'll want to make sure the corkscrew vine's soil never becomes overly soggy. Water the vines only when they appear dry, and keep the water at soil level. You should also allow the excess moisture to seep away after watering. Applying a three-inch layer of mulch can help maintain soil moisture. Temperature and Humidity These plants love heat and humidity, and will always grow best in tropical climates. They can be grown in northern climates but will have to be moved indoors well before the first frost of the winter. corkscrew vines will not do well once temperatures dip below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Fertilizer Though the corkscrew vine doesn't necessarily require fertilizer, you can use an organically-sourced and balanced granular fertilizer to promote its growth. Propagating Corkscrew Vine The corkscrew vine plant can be propagated by seed and is usually started indoors, as it handles transplanting well. Try using toenail clippers to clip the seed coat about at least halfway around the edge of the seed to encourage successful germination. Be sure to sow the seeds with only a light covering of soil on top. They will take up to six days to germinate depending on the temperature of the soil and whether or not the seed coat is scarified. Pruning In addition to monitoring its spread to prevent it from taking over your garden, once your corkscrew vine has matured, you'll want to cut back its leaves and tendrils. This will help promote more significant flowering. Growing in Containers The corkscrew vine can be grown in containers and then brought indoors in northern climates and other regions where the plant is not winter hardy. Just be sure there is excellent drainage within the pots and that you place it in front of a sunny window.
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Miss Chen
05月30日
Miss Chen
光照充足,石化桧喜欢阳光,需养护在散射光充足的环境中,缺乏光照会影响生长;及时浇水,生长期间需在每天上午进行一次浇水,冬季温度低应每隔15天浇一次水;合理施肥,石化桧对环境的要求不高,但在生长期间需适当进行施肥。应将其养护在温暖的环境中,夏季勤加浇水,冬季注意控温。
1、光照充足 石化桧喜欢生长在光照充足的环境中,但需避免光照过于强烈。在养护时最好放到散射光充足的环境中,接受充足的光照片就会使枝叶变得更加鲜绿。若长期缺乏光照,就会导致盆景的枝叶变黄,影响生长速度。 2、及时浇水 石化桧在生长期间需要充足的水分,因此需勤加浇水,需每天早上进行一次浇水。但不可使叶片接触水分,以免湿度太大,从而导致根部腐烂。也不可浇水过多,冬季温度较低,植株生长速度会变慢,需半月进行一次浇水。
3、合理施肥 石化桧适应环境的能力较强,可以生长在较为贫瘠的环境中。但在生长期间也需适当施加肥料,在进行施肥之前应先松土。施加肥料后还需进行浇水,使植株更快吸收营养,施肥时不可离根部太近,以免烧伤根部。 4、温度适宜 石化桧盆景喜欢生长在温暖的环境中,春秋季节比较温暖,植株生长的速度最快。夏季温度太高,最好养护在通风阴凉的环境中,勤加浇水降低温度。冬季温度太低需将温度控制在15℃以上,以免枝叶被冻伤。
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Miss Chen
05月30日
Miss Chen
果皮发酵的水15天浇灌一次合适,应根据花草的品种决定浇灌的频率,生长速度慢的植物需每隔15~20天施加一次肥水,喜肥植物应每隔7~10天进行一次浇水。应在植株生长较为旺盛的时期浇灌果皮发酵水。浇灌之前需加入20~50倍的水将发酵水稀释,养护观赏性花卉时不仅需浇灌发酵水,还需施加适量肥料。
果皮发酵的水15天浇一下合适 果皮发酵的水15天浇一下合适,浇水的频率应按照花草的品种进行调整。若花草不是喜肥植物,且生长速度较慢,就应每隔15~20天进行一次浇水,以免产生肥害现象。若养护的是喜肥植物,就应7~10天进行一次浇水。
果皮发酵的水浇水的方法 1、浇水时间 在养护花草时,若要浇灌果皮发酵水,应选择在植株生长速度较快时进行。提前了解植株的休眠期,若浇水不当就会出现肥伤现象,从而导致花草生长不良。像君子兰、长寿花等植物在夏季生长速度很慢,就不可浇灌发酵水。 2、进行稀释 在使用果皮发酵水进行浇灌之前,需将肥水充分稀释。在其中添加20~50倍的水进行稀释,确保发酵水的浓度不会过高。若肥水的浓度过高就会导致植株营养过剩,甚至根部被烧伤,它适合用来浇灌喜酸性花卉,比如杜鹃、山茶花。 3、混合使用 若想花草生长的速度更快,花朵开放的更加茂盛,不仅需要适量施加果皮发酵水,还需适当补充其他肥料,作为自制的酸性肥水,肥效较慢且肥力不强,若养护生长速度较快的观赏性花卉,只施加肥水就会导致植株生长不良。
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Miss Chen
05月29日
Miss Chen
进行醒花,在对干枝雪柳进行水养之前需进行醒花,放在装入清水中透明容器中浸泡两个小时即可;修剪花枝,使用锋利且经过消毒的剪刀,从花枝的底部45度斜角处修剪;进行水培,修剪好后就可将花枝放在加水进行水培养护;后续养护,每天应换一次水,还需使用高锰酸钾容器清洗一遍花瓶。
1、进行醒花 干枝雪柳在进行水培养护之前需要进行醒花,经过醒花处理的雪柳能够更快恢复生机。在醒花之前应先准备一个比较大的透明容器,在其中加入清水,然后把它放在水中浸泡,通常浸泡两个小时即可捞出。 2、修剪花枝 在对干枝雪柳进行水养之前应修剪花枝,使用较为锋利且经过消毒的剪刀从花枝底部45度的斜角处进行修剪,枝叶就能更好的吸收水分。然后还应适当修剪底部的枝叶,避免枝叶掉落浸泡在水中,导致水质被污染。
3、进行水培 在将干枝雪柳的花枝修剪好之后,就应进行水培,选择大小合适的玻璃容器,在其中加入清水。再将经过处理的枝条放进水中,最好使用井水或者纯净水、河水。如果使用自来水,必须提前进行晾晒。 4、后续养护 在对干枝雪柳进行养护时,应每天进行一次换水,使水质保持干净状态,植株就会更快恢复生机,花朵也会更快开放。换水时最好使用高锰酸钾溶液将花瓶清洗一遍,以免花瓶中产生细菌,影响植株生长。
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Miss Chen
05月29日
Miss Chen
金弹子的公树会结出果实,提供充足的水分、光照以及养分就可结出果实,但果实的体积很小且数量较少,单独生长的母株也可结出果实。它是常绿灌木,雌雄异株且叶片为暗绿色的,还带有革质,雄株和雌株开出的花朵外形不同。应在温度回升的春季选择长势较好的金弹子进行种植,种植好后需及时遮荫。
金弹子公树会结果 金弹子的公树会结果,但是需要合理地进行养护才能结果,且需提供充足的养分、光照以及水分,结出果实的个头也很小并且数量很少。此外单独生长的一颗金弹子母树,不需要公树,也可结出果实。
金弹子树的介绍 1、形态特征 金弹子是常绿小乔木或者灌木,植株雌雄异株生长,有着革质的暗绿色叶片,且上面往往带有光泽。雄株开放的花朵像灯笼一样,花蒂无瓜,雌株有着体型较大的花朵,外形很像柿子花,果实就像弹丸一样。 2、种植方法 最好选择长势较好的金弹子树苗进行种植,应选择在温度逐渐回升的春季,且需保持环境温度在15℃以上。应选择背风向阳且松软肥沃的地块进行种植,种植之前还需进行中耕除草,在地块中挖出合适的洞,放入枝苗后填土压实,再进行浇水。 3、合理养护 完成种植以后,需及时搭建遮阳棚,避免阳光过于强烈,导致植株被高温灼伤。等到金弹子的叶片长出以后,再慢慢增加光照时间。且需每隔5~7天进行一次浇水,每隔20天施加一次稀薄液肥,使植株更好生长结果
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Miss Chen
05月28日
Miss Chen
Cordyline, or ti, is a common decorative plant that thrives outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 12, but it also makes an excellent houseplant with its long, spikey leaves. Cordyline typically has leathery leaves in a variety of colors, including green, red, yellow, white, purple, and purplish-red. Some species in this group have fragrant flowers followed by berries. The moderate-growing plant will produce white, pink, or pale lavender flowers that are cup-shaped and sweet-smelling. They bloom in early summer and then small berries will appear after the flowers. It's more typical for flowering to occur in outdoor varieties, but flowers can appear on houseplants. If you plant cordyline outside, do so in the spring. This plant is toxic to dogs and cats.1 Common Name Cordyline, Hawaiian ti plant, good luck plant Botanical Name Cordyline terminalis Family Asparagaceae Plant Type Evergreen shrub Mature Size 2-4 ft. tall and wide Sun Exposure Full-sun, partial sun Soil Type Well-draining Soil pH Neutral to acidic, 6-6.5 Bloom Time Summer Flower Color White, pink, lavender Hardiness Zones 9-12 (USDA) Native Area Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia Toxicity Highly toxic to dogs and cats Cordyline Care Tropical cordyline is a hardy plant if you grow it in the right climate. Its many varieties are colorful and cheery, and it's an attractive low-maintenance evergreen shrub. Ti will bring color to both your indoor or outdoor garden, and it's very easy to maintain.
The name Cordyline originates from Greek; the word kordyle, meaning "club," is a reference to the plant's vigorous root system. If you've planted cordyline outdoors in a raised garden bed, the root system can sometimes grow so large it may disrupt surrounding plants. Light Ti needs bright light, but avoid direct sunlight in unhabituated plants. Also, green-leaved cordyline tends to do best with direct light, while those with other colored leaves may prefer bright indirect or filtered sunlight. Soil Cordyline needs a rich, well-drained high-quality potting mix with a pH of 6-6.5. Water Ti plants prefer to be watered when the surface of its soil feels dry. Water until it starts to run out of the drainage holes. Do not put the drained water back into the plant. Fertilizer These plants can be fed in the spring with slow-release pellets. You can feed the plant weekly during the growing season with a liquid 20-20-20 fertilizer at half-strength. Do not fertilize during the winter. Temperature and Humidity Ti thrives in temperatures above 62 degrees Fahrenheit and prefers a high humidity environment. Avoid putting the plant near a cold draft like a window. These are tropical plants, so if you're experiencing leaf drop, try raising both the temperature and humidity. Types of Cordyline 'C. australis': resembles the yucca plant with narrow, long, and grayish to dark leaves 'Calypso Queen': boasts ruby-maroon leaves 'Oahu Rainbow': shows off dark-green leaves streaked with cream and white 'Firebrand': offers beautiful pink leaves that darken to maroon 'Hilo Rainbow': displays deep-green foliage with pops of burgundy Pruning A mature, well-trimmed plant should have stems of various heights, up to 3 feet to 4 feet (some stems can go much higher), and be clothed in leaves to the soil level. Over time, cordylines tend to become leggy, so you may want to trim back individual stems in a staggered pattern to keep the plant full. Propagating Cordyline Propagating ti is typically done with stem cuttings. The easy process is as follows: Cut 3- to 5-inch pieces from mature stems and remove all of the leaves. Lay the pieces in a damp mixture of sand and perlite, and keep in a room that's at least 62 degrees Fahrenheit. Shoots will grow from the eyes of the stems and can be planted in potting soil when they have about four to six leaves each. You can repot in spring or every other spring, as needed. How to Grow Cordyline From Seed Ti can be grown with purchased seeds or harvested seeds from the ripened berries that you may occasionally find even on an indoor plant. Harvested seeds need to be squeezed out of the berry and cleaned. If you found indoor berries, just clean the seeds and let them air-dry for a few days before planting. If you found your berries outdoors, they'll need to be stratified for several months before planting. When seeds are ready, sow them in well-draining, sandy compost. Germination should happen in four to six weeks, but possibly longer. Potting and Repotting Cordyline Cordyline does well in pots, especially if you don't live in a tropical climate: You can just bring them indoors for the winter. When it's time to move the plant outdoors during warmer months, make sure the outdoor soil drains well and any threat of frost has passed. The plant doesn't need to be repotted unless it's growing too large for its pot, which might be every few years. When repotting, Choose a tall pot of any material with adequate drainage holes for cordyline to accommodate two to three years of root growth. Overwintering If you're at the cooler end of cordyline's hardiness zones (9 through 12), you can tie up your plant's leaves with natural twine to keep them safe in cooler months; Just be sure they're dry before you do so to avoid rot. Outdoor cordyline plants also need to be well secured in harsh, windy conditions; The long, thin leaves can thrash in the wind and cause the plant to topple over. Common Pests & Plant Diseases Cordyline is prone to common pests and problems, such as scale insects, spider mites, and mealybugs. All of these can be fixed with either neem oil or insecticidal soap. Ti also attracts bacterial leaf spot and root rot. You can try to beat both of these problems with fungicide and by making sure the plants aren't sitting in soil that's too wet. Common Problems With Cordyline This otherwise easy-going tropical plant will let you know if it's in trouble by the condition of its leaves. Here's how to fix a leaf issue. Browning Tips This is a common problem with many houseplants, including indoor-grown cordyline. The plant may be experiencing underwatering, overwatering, too much fertilizer, root rot, or even overly dry air. However, another issue could be the salts and fluoride in the tap water used to moisten the plant. Cordyline is sensitive to fluoride, which is found in many residential water supplies. Flush the plant, or before watering, leave the water in an open container overnight to reduce chlorine and salts. You can also switch to distilled or bottled water or harvest rainwater for plants. Leaves Turning Yellow A second common problem with houseplants like cordyline is the yellowing of leaves. Most plants naturally shed older yellow leaves. But, if your cordyline's leaves are turning yellow, it may also mean it has a watering issue or it's getting too much sunlight. It needs indirect bright light rather than harsh rays directly on the leaves. Yellow leaves could also mean your plant is in a spot where there are frequent temperature fluctuations. Check for drafts. Allow the leaves to drop and see how the plant fares in another spot.
If you see that the lower leaves are turning yellow, that usually means there's root rot. Check for waterlogged or blackened roots. Unfortunately, you may not be able to save a cordyline plant with root rot. FAQ Is cordyline easy to grow? Caring for these plants indoors (and outdoors) is easy, simple, and straightforward. But, they must be kept warm and they need a lot of light. Why is cordyline considered a lucky plant? In many areas of the world, the ti plant is considered to have mystical powers that bring good luck, long life, and lasting love to its owner. For example, in Hawaii, cordyline is planted around homes to bring good luck to the homeowners. What is the difference between cordyline and dracaena? Cordyline and dracaena plants are often confused because they look alike with nearly identical spikey leaves. You can tell the difference by the color roots. Cordyline plants have white roots and dracaena have orange roots.
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Miss Chen
05月28日
Miss Chen
橙子皮水是酸性水,可以用来浇灌茉莉花、栀子花、杜鹃花、兰花、朱顶红、秋海棠等喜酸性花卉。将提前准备好的新鲜橙子皮切碎,然后加入红糖、淘米水放到密封的塑料瓶中。把材料全部装入瓶中之后就需密封放到温度较高的环境中发酵2~3个月。在橙子皮水中加入20倍的水分进行稀释。
橙子皮水适合浇的花 橙子皮水为酸性水,其中含有较少的营养元素,适合用来浇灌喜酸性花卉。例如茉莉花、栀子花、兰花、茶花、杜鹃花、彩叶草以及八仙花、朱顶红、秋海棠、柑橘、石楠、马尾松、蕨类植物等。 橙子皮水的制作方法 提前准备比较新鲜的橙子皮,然后使用刀具把橙子皮切碎,再准备一勺红糖,新鲜的淘米水,可以进行密封的塑料瓶。按照3:10:1的比例把经过处理的橙子皮以及淘米水、红糖混合装到塑料瓶中,填入到塑料瓶高度的2/3即可。 将制作橙子皮水所需的材料装入瓶中之后,需将瓶盖尽快拧上,再把塑料瓶养护在温度较高的环境中。在前期需要每天进行开盖放气,经过2~3个月的发酵后,若其中没有产生新的气体且味道微酸,就代表发酵已经完成。
橙子皮水的浇花方法 将橙子皮水装入塑料瓶中之后,还需加入20倍的水分对其进行稀释。在植株生长期间,可每隔15天浇灌一次橙子皮水,使植株慢慢的吸收养分,土壤中的酸碱度更好的被调节,以免喜酸性花卉因为缺铁导致出现黄叶。
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Miss Chen
05月28日
Miss Chen
松子壳可以放在花盆里面,较多的纤维素可以使土壤更加疏松,排水的效果也会更好,但需进行一次清洗。种植植株时可使用腐叶土、珍珠岩、泥炭土以及松子壳作为基土。在土壤中加入适量的多菌灵药剂,再用木棍充分搅拌,可避免植株遭受病害,养护时应每隔2~3年更换盆土,并在土壤上铺上松子壳。
松子壳能放花盆里面 松子壳可以放在花盆里面,其中含有的纤维素较多,且有着较硬的质地,可以使土壤更加疏松且能更快进行排水。将松子放在花盆中时需提前使用清水进行冲洗,然后再浸泡在醋中一段时间就可进行中和。 松子壳养花的方法 1、配置土壤 在对植株进行种植时,需提供排水性能较好的土壤。最好使用腐叶土、泥炭土、珍珠岩、被碾碎的松子壳等混合作为营养土,然后在土壤中加入适量腐熟的有机肥料,就可使土壤中含有较多的肥料,使植株更好生长。
2、进行消毒 在为植株配置好营养土以后,就需在土壤中及时喷洒多菌灵药剂,再使用木棍对土壤进行混合搅拌。避免植株感染病害,从而影响生长,最好将植株养护在光线充足的环境中,接受全天的充足光照。 3、更换盆土 在养护植株时,若长期不对土壤进行更换,就会使土壤板结甚至变得僵硬,从而导致植株的根部不能进行呼吸作用。最好每隔2~3年进行一次盆土的更换,在进行换盆时可在盆土上铺上一层干净的松子壳。
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Miss Chen
05月27日
Miss Chen
选材修剪,插花前应挑选好需要的花材,按照自己喜好挑选,然后进行构思,插花前需对花材简单修剪;准备容器,可以使用大小合适的美观花瓶进行插花,需将花瓶清洗一遍;固定倒水,提前准备细铁丝,然后放到花瓶中将花枝固定,再适当加入清水;进行插花,将花材依次放入花瓶中,适当进行调整。
1、选材修剪 在进行插花之前,首先应挑选好插花需要的材料。按照自己的喜好去选择花材,然后在脑海中构思好设计图。选择好主要花材以后,还需准备好搭配使用的花材,在进行插花之前,需进行简单修剪。 2、准备容器 插花之前应首先选择进行插花的容器,可以使用一个大小合适的花瓶。最好使用较为美观的花瓶,美观的花瓶才可更好的展现花朵的美丽。然后使用清水将花瓶仔细清洗一遍,就可开始插花。 3、固定倒水 提前准备好一些较细的铁丝,把铁丝制成较为合适的形状。然后放在花瓶里面,使用胶带把瓶口贴成网格形状,这样可以更好的固定花枝,准备好了以后,就可以在花瓶里面加入清水。
4、进行插花 在所有准备工作都完成以后,就可以开始进行插花。先把主要花材放到花瓶里面,然后插入一些作为陪衬的花草。按照自己的喜好对花材的高度以及排序进行调整,这样插花的观赏价值会更高。 5、修剪花材 在插花完成以后,就应适当对花材进行修剪,按照自己的喜好以及审美,将插花变成自己喜欢的样子。花材通常分为点状花材、散状花材、线状花材以及团状花材、特殊造型花材。
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Miss Chen
05月27日
Miss Chen
温度的大多数生理以及生化变化都是在适宜的温度环境中产生的,若温度低于或者高于适宜生长的温度就会影响植株生长。植株进行光合作用需要保持温度在10~35℃的环境中。温度升高植株就会更快吸收水分以及养分,但温度过高就会导致根部吸收的面积减少,温度适宜植株就可以积累更多的养分。
温度对生长发育的影响 植物的所有生理变化以及生化反应都需要在合适的温度条件下才能进行。植株生长的温度范围内,不同的温度值所产生的影响也不一样。其中包括最适点、最低点以及最高点,超过植物能接受的温度范围就会导致植株停止生长。
温度的其他影响 1、光合作用 通常植物在10~35℃的环境中就可正常进行光合作用,若温度高于35℃,就会影响光合作用的进行。在40~45℃的高温环境中,很多植物的会停止进行光合作用,因此最适宜的生长温度为10~35℃。 2、呼吸作用 通常根系吸收水分以及营养物质的速度会随着温度的升高而变快,因为温度升高以后,植株的根系就会更快吸收。但是温度太高就会导致根系衰老,从而减少吸收面积,高温环境中原生质就会缓慢流动,影响植株正常生长。 3、积累养分 白天的温度较高,植株就能更好的进行光合作用,就可产生更多的碳水化合物。晚上的温度较低,植物就会一直产生呼吸作用,从而使二氧化碳分解速度变慢,因此需要保持适宜的生长温度。
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